Kings of Israel
c. 3123 - 3503 AM [Chart]
c. 1101 - 721 BC [Chart]
Saul, David and Solomon
Israel and Judah
1 Samuel 8 - 31
(comments common to both Israel and Judah)
The reign of Saul marks the beginning of the era of the kings. Saul reigned over all 12 tribes of Israel. After Saul committed suicide the commander of Saul's army crowned Saul's son, Ish-Bosheth, as king. However, at this time David went up to Hebron and the people of the tribe of Judah crowned David as their king. For the next 7 years there was conflict between Saul's family and David's family, until David's family won out. David was then crowned king of all Israel. David's son, Solomon, also reigned over all of Israel.
After Solomon's death, his son, Rehoboam, succeeded him as king. His actions, however, caused 10 of the tribes of Israel to revolt against him. These 10 tribes formed what was to be known from then on as the Kingdom of Israel. The remaining 2 tribes - Judah and Benjamin - formed the Kingdom of Judah.
(comments specific to Israel)
The family that held the kingship of Israel changed quite frequently after the split into two kingdoms. The political situation was quite tumultuous, down until the year 721 BC when Israel was overthrown and disbanded by Assyria. The tribes that had comprised the kingdom of Israel then became known as the 10 Lost Tribes.